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爆炸沖擊荷載下玻璃幕墻建筑抗爆研究

編輯: 安邦安防來源: http://famalong.com時間: 2017-09-19 15:22:51瀏覽次數:1544
爆炸沖擊荷載下玻璃幕墻建筑抗爆研究

文档上传赚钱BOLIMUQIANGZUOWEIJIANZHUDEWAIWEIHUGOUJIAN,ZUIXIANSHOUDAOBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIDEZUOYONG,YINERQIKANGBAOXINGNENGJIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHENGGEJIANZHUWUDEANQUANXING。YANJIUBIAOMING,BAOZHACHONGJIBOZUOYONGDAOJIANZHUBOLISHANG,75%DERENYUANSHANGWANGYOUSHIGAOSUFEIXINGDEBOLISUIPIANSUOZHIJIEZAOCHENGDE,ERCHONGJIBOTOUGUOBOLILIEFENGJINRUSHINEIYOUHUIJIANJIEZAOCHENGRENYUANSHANGWANG。ZAIZHEZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,KANGBAOBOLIYANJIUCHENGWEIRENMENGUANZHUDEREDIAN。KANGBAOBOLIDUOXUANYONGJIACENGBOLI、ZHONGKONGBOLIHUOZHEJIZHONGJIBENXINGSHIHECHENGDEFUHEBOLI,ZAICAILIAOFANGMIANDUOCAIYONGGANGHUABOLIHUOZHEQITAXINXINGCAILIAOBOLIDENG。TONGGUOCHAYUEGUONEIWAIXIANGGUANWENXIAN,FAXIANGUANYUKANGBAOBOLIZAIJINGHEZAI、FENGHEZAI(CITIAO“FENGHEZAI”YOUXINGYEDABAIKETIGONG)JIDIZHENHEZAIDEXIANGGUANYANJIUYIQUYUCHENGSHU,DANQIZAICHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEYANJIUZAIHENDUOFANGMIANHUANYOUDAIWANSHAN。WENZHONGDUIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEBOLIMUQIANGJIANZHUDEKANGBAOYANJIUXIANZHUANGZUOLEYIGEJIAOQUANMIANDEZONGSHU。

1.玻璃幕墻抗爆研究與分析方法

YINGLIBOZUOYONGYUGOUJIANHUISHIQINEIBUCHANSHENGFUZADEYINGLIQUYUBINGFASHENGJUBUPOHUAI,ZUIZHONGDAOZHIQICHENGZAILINENGLIYANZHONGJIANGDI,YINERKAOLVYINGLIBOZAIGOUJIANNEIDECHUANBOTEXINGSHIZHIGUANZHONGYAODE。

文档上传赚钱MUQIAN,BOLIMUQIANGDEKANGBAOYANJIUYUFENXIFANGFAZHUYAOYOUYIXIASANLI,:JIEXIFANGFA、SHIYANFANGFAHESHUZHIMONIFENXIFA。

1.1JIEXIFANGFA

文档上传赚钱TONGCHANGSHICAIYONGJIBENDEYINGLIBOLILUN、CAILIAOLIXUE、GUXIULIXUE、DANSUXINGLIXUEHENENGLIANGYUANLIDENGJIBENLIXUEYUANLIDUIJIEGOUJINXINGFENXI。MUQIAN,GUONEIHUANMEIYOUXIANGGUANJISHUHEGUIFANJIESHAOBOLIMUQIANGDEKANGBAOJISUANFANGFA,DANYOUSHIYOUXUYAODINGLIANGDEJISUANLAIYANZHENGSHEJIDEZHENGQUEYUFOU。WEICI,CHANGCAIYONGJIANHUADEFENXIFANGFAYICIDEDAOBIJIAOHELIDEFENXIJIEGUO,QIJIANHUARUXIA:①GENJUBAOZHALIDETEZHENG,MUQIANGDEZHICHENGJIEGOUKEYIKAOLVANZHAODANSUXINGLIXUEJINXINGFENXI;②KUANGJIAGOUJIANHESHUQUAN、HENGMEIDENGPEIJIANDESHOULICAIYONGJINGHEZAIDEFANGFAJINXINGJIANHUA;③KEYIKAOLVYONGZHIXIANLAIDAITICHONGJIBOSUISHIJIANDEBIANHUAGUOCHENG,RUTU1SUOSHI。(QIZHONGPQWEIBIAOZHUNDAQIYAAP+WEICHONGJIBOCHAOYA;t+WEICHONGJIBOZHENGYAZUOYONGSHIJIAN)。

文档上传赚钱JIYUSHANGSHUJIANHUAJISUANZHUNZE,JIYOUHENDUOYANJIUXUEZHEJIANGBOLIMUQIANGJIANHUACHENGDENGXIAODANZIYOUDUMOXING。KrauthamruerHEAltenbergCENGCAIYONGDANZIYOUDUMOXINGDUIBAOZHACHONGJIBOFUYAZAIBOLIMIANBANSHANGDEZUOYONGXIAOYINGJINXINGLEFENXI。CHUCIZHIWAI,HUANYOUYANJIURENYUANCAIYONGBANKEDONGLILILUNDUIQIXINGNENGJINXINGYANJIU。GAOXUANNENGDENGCAIYONGDANXINGBOBANZHENDONGLILUNYANJIULEKUANGZHICHENGBOLIZAIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIXIADEDONGLIXIANGYINGJIFANGBAOJULI。SUIRANJIEXIFANGFAYIJIAOWEIJIANJIEDEXINGSHIGEICHUYOUGUANWULILIANGZHIJIANDEGUANXI,DANSHIYOUYUBAOZHAKONGQICHONGJIBOHEZAI、CAILIAOBENGOUGUANXIHEBIANJIETIAOJIANDEFUZAXING,ZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONGHUISHOUDAOHENDADEXIANZHI,ZHINENGYUNYONGDAOJISHAOSHUJIANDANWENTIZHONG。

1.2SHIYANFANGFA

TONGGUOKAIZHANZUCHICUNDECHONGJIBOSHIYAN,KEYIGUANCHADAOBOLIMUQIANGZAIZHENMAIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIXIADEFANYING。JIYUSHIYANSHUJUDEZONGHEFENXI,KEYIDEDAOQIZHENSHIDEKANGBAOXINGNENG。CHANGYONGDEBOLIBAOZHACHONGJIBOSHIYANFANGFAYIBANYOULIANGZHONG:①JULISHIYAN,SHIYANZUJIANDUIJIZHITEXINGZHAYAODECHONGJICHENGSHOUNENGLI;②JIZHENGUANSHIYAN,ZAITEYIJIANZAODEXIAOSHINEISHUNJIANSHIFANGGAOYAQILIUCHANSHENGCHONGJIBO。SHIJIGONGCHENGZHONGCHANGXUANYONGJULISHIYANFANGFA,GAIFANGFAJIANBIAN,BINGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGMANZULEGONGCHENGXUYAO。CHENJUNDENGCAIYONGJULISHIYANFANGFADUIBOLIMUQIANGJINXINGLECHONGJIBOSHIYAN,BINGJUTIJIESHAOLEJULISHIYANDESHISHIFANGFA。SUIRANSHIYANYANJIUZHENSHIZAIXIANLEGOUJIANZAIZHENSHIHEZAIXIADEXINGNENG,DANSHISUIZHUDUICHONGJIWENTIDESHENRUYANJIU,GAIFANGFAJIWUFADADAOJISUANJINGDUDEYAOQIU。

1 .3SHUZHIMONIFENXIFA

SHUZHIMONIFENXIFABIMIANLESHIYANFANGFADEWEIXIANXINGHEANGGUIXING,QILINGHUOXINGHEKEZHONGFUXINGJIAKUAILESHEJIZHOUQI,JIANGDILESHEJICHENGBEN。ZAIKANGBAOJIEGOUDONGLIFENXIZHONG,CHANGYONGDEKANGBAOFENXIRUANJIANYOUYIXIAZHONG:ABAQUS. LSYIDYNAIDYNA3DHEAUTODYNADENG。MUQIAN,CHUANTONGSHUZHIMONIFENXICUNZAIYIXIALIANGGEWENTI:①MEIYOUKAOLVBAOZHAHEZAIHEMUQIANGJIEGOUDELIUGUHUOHEJISUAN;②DUIBOLIYUZHOUWEIBUJIANLIANJIEZUOYONGJINXINGLEZHUDUOJIANHUA,FENXIMOXINGDUOJINXIANYUBOLIMIANBAN。ZHESHIDEMONIJIEGUONANYIZHENSHIFANYINGFUZAMUQIANGXITONGZHONGBOLIDEBAOZHAXIANGYINGQINGKUANG。ZHENDUISHANGSHUWENTI,DENGRONGBINGDENGLIYONGFAHANSHU,YONGALEYOUXIANYUANFAJINXINGLEBAOZHAHEZAIYUMUQIANGJIEGOUHUOHEZUOYONGDESANWEIDONGTAIFANGZHEN。SUIZHUJISUANJIJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHANYIJIJISUANFANGFADEZHUBUGAIJIN,SHUZHIMONIFENXIFAZAIJIEJUEBAOZHAWENTIZHONGZHENGFAHUIZHURIYIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。

2 爆炸沖擊荷載下玻璃幕墻的性能研究

文档上传赚钱GUOWAIDUIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIXIABOLIMUQIANGXINGNENGDEYANJIUDADUOJIZHONGYUKANGBAOBOLIDEPOHUAIQIANGDU、BOLICHICUN、DONGLIXIANGYING、HEZAIZUOYONGSHIJIAN、BOLIBANDEZHICHENGBIANJIETIAOJIANJIDONGLIXIANGYINGDENGFANGMIAN,ERGUONEIZAIZHEFANGMIANDEYANJIUHUANCHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN。

2.1BOLIQIANGDU

BOLIZAICHANGWENXIASHIYIZHONGDIANXINGDECUIXINGCAILIAO,YIZHIDAOPOHUAIWEIZHI,QIYINGLIYINGBIANCHENGXIANXINGGUANXI。BOLIBIAOMIANCUNZAIZHUWUSHUWEILIEWEN,ZAILAYINGLIZUOYONGXIA,DANGWEILIEWENJIANDUANCHUDEYINGLICHAOGUOLINJIEYINGLISHI,LIEWENXUNSUFENLIE,ZUIZHONGDAOZHIBOLIDUANLIE。BOLIDELILUNQIANGDUYUEWEI1x1010YI1. 5x 1Q'0 PaJIA2ERSHIJIDEQIANGDUYAOBILILUNQIANGDUDIDEDUO,YULILUNQIANGDUXIANGCHA2YI3GESHULIANGJI。ZHESHIYOUYUBOLIDECUIXINGHEQIBIAOMIANCUNZAIWEILIEWEN、NEIBUCUNZAIBUJUNYUNQUYUHEQUEXIANSUOYINQIDEDEYINGLIJIZHONGZAOCHENGDE。BOLIDEGAOQIANGDUYIWEIZHUANQUANXING,WEILETIGAOQISHIJIQIANGDU,KECAIYONG:TUIHUO、GANGHUA(CUIHUO)、BIAOMIANCHULIYUTUCENG、WEIJINGHUA、YUQITACAILIAOZHICHENGFUHECAILIAODENGFANGFA。

2.2BOLICHICUN

XIAOCHICUNBOLIDEQIANGDUYIBANYAOGAOYUDACHICUNBOLIQIANGDU,ZHUYAOSHIYINWEIBOLICHICUNYUEXIAOQIBIAOMIANHENEIBUCUNZAIQUEXIANDEJILVYUEDI,DIKANGHEZAIHECHONGJIBODENENGLIYUEQIANG。GUZAISHIJIYUNYONGZHONGYINGYANGEKONGZHIBOLIMIANBANDECHICUN,BUYISHIQIGUODA。YANWEIHENGDENGCAIYONGYOUXIANYUANFENXIFANGFA,BIJIAOLEBUTONGCHICUNDEBOLIMUQIANGZAIBAOZHAHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEFANYING。

2.3HEZAIZUOYONGSHIJIAN

BOLIZAICHANGQIHEZAIZUOYONGXIA,BOLILIEWENHUIFASHENGKUOZHAN,ZHIJIEDAOZHICHENGZAINENGLIDEJIANGDI;BOLIZAIDONGLIHEZAIZUOYONGXIA,BOLICHANSHENGDEZUIDAWEIYISUIZHUZUOYONGSHIJIANDEZENGJIAERZENGJIA,DANGWUFAMANZUNAODUYAOQIUSHI,BOLIFASHENGPOHUAI。GAOXUANNENGDENGCAIYONGYOUXIANYUANFENXIFADUIJIACENGBOLIZAIDUANQI、YISHIQIJINGLIHEBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEBIANXINGJINXINGLEMONIFENXI,BINGZAIZHAOXIANYANJIUJICHUSHANGDUIJIACENGBOLIDEDENGXIAOHOUDUJISUANGONGSHIJINXINGLEBUCHONG。

2.4ZHICHENGBIANJIETIAOJIAN

文档上传赚钱ZAIBOLIMUQIANGKANGBAOSHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG,XUANYONGBUTONGDEBIANJIETIAOJIANDUIJIEGUOYOUHENDADEYINGXIANG。YINGGENJUBOLIDEZHENSHISHOULIQINGKUANG,HELIXUANZEBOLIMIANBANDEBIANJIETIAOJIAN。weggelHEZapataTONGGUOLIANGZHONGBUTONGBIANJIEZHICHENGTIAOJIANDEJUXINGBOLIBANZAIDISUBAOZHAHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEYANJIU,DECHUZHOUWEIJUYOUXIANGJIAODIANQUANDANXINGKUANGZHICHENGDEBOLIMIANBANQIZUIDALAYINGLIJIAOPUTONGJIANYIZHICHENGDEBOLIMIANBANKEYIZHEJIAN42%YI71%。

2.5DONGLIXIANGYING

JIANZHUBOLIZAIBAOZHACHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEDONGLIXIANGYINGWENTISHUYUDIANXINGDEDONGLIXUEWENTI,DONGLIXUEWENTIYUJINGLIXUEWENTIZHUYAOCUNZAILIANGGEBUTONGDIAN:①DONGLIXUEWENTIYAOKAOLVSHIJIANBIANHUAYINSU;②ZAIDONGLIFENXIDEGUOCHENGZHONGYAOKAOLVGUANXINGLIXIAOYING。DANGZAIGAOYINGBIANLVDEDONGLIHEZAIZUOYONGXIA,HUANYAOKAOLVYINGBIANLVXIAOYING。MEIGUOArmy Corps of EngineersCAIYONGDANZIYOUDUFADEDAOLEDANSHENGXIANGYINGPUQUXIANHEDANSUXINGXIANGYINGPUQUXIAN,TONGGUOCHATUNENGGOUKUAISUDIDEDAOJIANZHUBOLIZAICHONGJIHEZAIZUOYONGXIADEZUIDADONGWEIYI。

3.抵抗炸彈沖擊波建筑幕墻的設計

文档上传赚钱JIANZHUBOLIMUQIANGDEKANGBAOZHASHEJIZHUYAOSHIFANGFANYUANJULIZHADAN(YAO)CHANSHENGDEKONGQICHONGJIBODUIJIANZHUWUDEPOHUAI。JIANZHUBOLIMUQIANGDEKANGBAOSHEJIZHIZAIZUIDAXIANDUDEJIANSHAOBAOZHACHONGJIBOCHAOGAOHEZAIHEGAOSUFEIJIANDEBOLISUIPIANSUOZAOCHENGDEZHIJIESHANGHAI,BINGJIANSHAOSHOUGONGJISHESHIHUOBAOZHAZHONGXINZHOUWEISHESHIDEXIUFUFEIYONG。ZAIJUTISHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGDADAOYIXIALIANGGEYAOQIU:①BOLIYOUZUGOUDEQIANGDULAICHENGSHOUJIAODADANGLIANGDEBAOZHAXIJI;②SHOUDAOBAOZHACHONGJIZUOYONGHOU,BOLINENGGOUJIAOWANHAODIBAOCHIZAIKUANGJIANEI。

文档上传赚钱MUQIAN,MEIGUOYOULIANGGEBOLIKANGBAOSHEJIBIAOZHUN:UFC 4YI010YIOIBIAOZHUN10HEASTM F2248YI03BIAOZHUN。UFCBIAOZHUNSHIYIGEJIANHUADESHEJIFANGFA,ASTM FBIUFCNENGGOUSHIYINGGENGDADEBAOZHAWEIZHU·DEKANGBAOSHEJI。ZAIWOGUO,HUANMEIYOUZHENGSHIDEKANGBAOSHEJIGUIFANHEZHUNZE,DANZAIYIXIEZHONGYAODEGONGCHENGXIANGMUZHONGDOUYOUKAOLVDAOZHEFANGMIANDEWENTI。CHANGGUIDEBOLIMUQIANGKANGBAOZHASHEJIWANGWANGNANYIMANZUSHIJIYAOQIU,ZHESHIYOUYU:①BAOZHAHEZAIDELIANGJI、WEIZHI、GAILVJUYOUBUQUEDINGXING;②BAOZHAHEZAIZUOYONGSHIJIANDUANZAN,ZHENGGEGUOCHENGYIHAOMIAOJISUAN;③BAOZHAHEZAIZUOYONGDA,QIQIANGDUTONGCHANGYUANYUANDAYUQITAZAIHAI(FENG、DIZHENDENG)。BAOZHACHONGJIBOHEZAIDESHANGSHUTEDIANSHIDEZHENGGEDONGLIGUOCHENGBIANDEFEICHANGFUZA。

YINER,CHANGCONGGAINIANXINGSHEJIFANGMIANLAIJINXING:

文档上传赚钱(1)BOLIMIANBANYICAIYONGGAOQIANGBOLIHEKANGBAOBOLIYIZENGQIANGDUICHONGJIBODEDIKANGNENGLIBINGJIANXIAOBOLISUIPIANDUISHINEIRENYUANDESHANGHAI。

文档上传赚钱(2)CAIYONGROUXINGJIAOHAODEFUHEJIEGOUTIXI。BOLIMUQIANGJIEGOUZAIBIANXINGGUOCHENGZHONGHUIXISHOUBUFENBAOZHACHANSHENGDENENGLIANG,ZHESHIQIDUIJIEGOUDEPOHUAIDADAJIANGDI。FUHEJIEGOUTIXIJIAODANYIDEBOLICAILIAOHEJIEGOUYOUGENGHAODEHAONENGXIAOGUO。

文档上传赚钱(3)HELIXUANYONGBOLIMIANBANCHICUN,CAIYONGFANGBAOXINGNENGLIANGHAODEBOLIKUANGJIA。MIANBANCHICUNGUOXIAOHUISHIGONGQIYANCHANGBINGYINGXIANGJIANZHUWUDEWAIXING;ERCHICUNGUODAZEHUIYOUYUBOLIZISHENDEQUEXIANERJIANXIAOBOLIDIKANGCHONGJIHEZAIDENENGLI,BINGZENGJIALEPOHUAIHOUDEWEIXIUFEIYONG。FANGBAOXINGHAODEBOLIKUANGJIANENGZAIBAOZHAFASHENGSHIDUIBOLIYOUCHONGFENDEYUESHU,ZENGQIANGLEZHENGGEXITONGDEFANGBAOXINGNENG。

(4)設置防爆墻文档上传赚钱,防爆墻能阻擋沖擊波作用并且在變形過程中能吸收爆炸產生的能量。在設計允許的情況下,應盡量將防爆墻設在遠離目標構筑的地方,即擁有足夠遠的安全距離。一般來說,安全距離每增加一倍,爆炸荷載沖擊減少為3-8成。

(5)GAISHANZHOUWEIHUANJINGSHEZHI,LIRU:YINGJINLIANGJIANSHAOZHOUWEILAJITONGDESHULIANG,LAJITONGJINGCHANGSHIZHAYAODETOUZHIDIANZHIYI;CAIYONGSUXINGJIAOHAODEDIMIAN,TONGGUODIMIANDEBIANXINGCHENGKENGDADAOHAONENGXIAOGUOTONGYANGNENGJIANGDICHONGJIBODUIBOLIMUQIANGDEPOHUAI。

4.結語

文档上传赚钱MUQIANWEIZHI,ZAIWOGUOJINGNEISHANGMIFASHENGZHENDUIBOLIJIANZHUDEKONGBUBAOZHAXIJISHIJIAN,DANHUANSHIYINGGAITIGAOFANGFANYISHI,ZUOHAOFANGFANCUOSHI,FANGZHIDALIANGDERENYUANSHANGWANGHECAICHANSUNSHI。WENZHONGJIESHAOLEBOLIMUQIANGKANGBAOYANJIUYUFENXIDESANZHONGFANGFABINGJIANYAOGAIKUOLEGUONEIWAIMUQIANZHENDUIQIZAIBAOZHAHEZAIXIADEXINGNENGYANJIU,ZUIHOUJIESHAOLEYIXIEQIESHIKEXINGDESHEJIFANGFA。

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